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Dr. Russell Thacker Trall – References

Brodie, J. (1994). Contraception and Abortion in Nineteenth-Century America.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Donegan, J. (2000, February). “Trall, Russell Thacher (1812-1877), Hydropathic Physician and Health Reformer”. American National Biography. Ed. Retrieved 5 Feb. 2019.

Gorton, D. (1910). The History of Medicine, Philosophical and Critical, from its Origin to the Twentieth Century. New York, London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Horsell, W., Trall, Russell. (1855). Hydropathy for the People: with Plain Observations on Drugs, Diet, Water, Air and Exercise. New York, Fowler & Wells.

  • Dr. Trall shares notes at the end of the book.

Iacobbo, Karen. “Russell Trall: A Visionary Doctor.” International Vegetarian Union (IVU), Accessed 8 Jun. 2024.

Iacobbo, Karen. Iacobbo, Michael. (2004). Vegetarian America: a History. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Nissenbaum, Stephen. (1980). Sex, Diet, and Debility in Jacksonian America: Sylvester Graham and Health Reform. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Puskar-Pasewicz, M. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood.

Smith, John; Trall, Russell. (1854). Fruits and Farinacea: The Proper Food of Man. New York, Boston, Fowler, and Wells. 339 pages.

  • Notes and illustrations were by Dr. Trall.

Weiss, H. (1967). The Great American Water-Cure Craze: a History of Hydropathy in the United States.  Trenton: The Past Times Press.

Whorton, James C. (2002). Nature Cures: The History of Alternative Medicine in America. Oxford University Press. pp. 90-91. 

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